Unrest in the market around the blockade: Prices of daily commodities are increasing by leaps and bounds


Unrest in the market around the blockade: Prices of daily commodities are increasing by leaps and bounds

Unrest in the market around the blockade


In the midst of the upcoming national parliamentary
elections, political turmoil is escalating, leading to disruptions in the
market and instability in the supply chain. The recent calls for strikes and
blockades by political parties, particularly the Bangladesh Nationalist Party
(BNP) and its allies, have taken the form of harsh measures, reminiscent of
strikes and blockades.

As a result, the supply of essential commodities in the
market is being severely affected, causing concerns among traders. Business
owners argue that such stringent measures in the form of strikes and blockades
can disrupt the supply chain in the market, potentially leading to further
increases in the prices of daily necessities.

In the past week, a three-day blockade, including a day of
strike, was observed by the BNP and its allies as part of their political
agenda. During this time, transportation, especially in rural and remote areas,
was significantly disrupted, affecting the supply of goods across the country.
Consequently, prices of essential items, such as onions and potatoes, saw a
substantial increase of 30-40%.

This Sunday marks the beginning of a 48-hour nationwide
blockade. Political parties have issued warnings that if their demands are not
met, more stringent measures will follow. Business owners express concerns that
the transportation of goods via trucks, a vital component of the supply chain,
is at risk due to these measures. As a result, there is a visible decline in
the supply of goods, particularly in the Kanchabazar market, raising fears of
further price hikes.

Reports indicate that during the previous three days of the
blockade, half of the goods supply to the capital’s markets was disrupted. This
disruption has led to both a decrease in sales and an increase in prices.
Meanwhile, traders in Chittagong, one of the country’s main wholesale markets,
report losses of nearly two billion taka during the three-day blockade.

The Chittagong Trade and Industries Association’s
organizational editor, Jamal Hossen, reveals that despite keeping their shops
open during the blockade, business owners experienced significantly reduced
sales. The overall losses for businesses during the three days are estimated to
be around 1,500-2,000 crore taka.

Business owners further emphasize that on a regular day,
around 250-300 trucks transport goods to and from various districts to the
Chaktai-Khatunganj and Asadganj markets. However, during the blockade, the
number of goods-carrying trucks has decreased by 60-70%, exacerbating the
supply crisis.

Fire Service data reveals that during the 72-hour blockade,
34 incidents of fire accidents occurred, including 31 involving buses and
trucks. Many truck owners are reluctant to transport goods due to the ongoing
blockade, contributing to a decline in both the supply of goods and an increase
in prices.

In the face of this situation, the prices of various
commodities in the Kanchabazar market are steadily rising during the three-day
blockade. Continuous disruptions of this nature could have a ripple effect on
the prices of other essential goods, including pulses and edible oils.

Additionally, Chittagong port data indicates a 32% reduction
in container delivery during the three-day blockade. This abnormal situation
has prompted business owners to demand the maintenance of normalcy in the
supply of essential goods, at least during ongoing protests and various
political programs.

 As the country braces for the 48-hour blockade starting this
Sunday, the concerns of traders and business owners are growing. The impact of
prolonged disruptions on the market could lead to a severe crisis if not
addressed promptly.

Market Dynamics and Consumer Impact:

The abrupt surge in onion and potato prices is not only a
cause for concern among traders but also has a direct impact on consumers. The
increased prices of these staple vegetables put additional strain on household
budgets, particularly for lower-income families. Many consumers, accustomed to
certain price ranges, are now grappling with the unexpected rise in their
grocery bills.

Global and Local Factors:

Examining the global context, the fluctuations in currency
exchange rates, especially the strengthening of the US dollar, have made the
import of vegetables more expensive. The global supply chain disruptions and
challenges in transportation logistics have further contributed to the rise in prices.
Locally, issues such as adverse weather conditions affecting crop yields and
increased production costs are compounding the challenges.

Role of Government Policies:

Government policies play a pivotal role in shaping the
economic landscape, particularly in controlling the prices of essential
commodities like potatoes. While the announcement of import regulations
signifies a proactive stance, the real-world implementation poses challenges.
Traders, in their pushback, highlight a disconnect between the stated prices
and the actual market dynamics. This disjunction calls for a comprehensive
evaluation of the regulatory framework, emphasizing not just the formulation of
policies but their effective enforcement on the ground.

Addressing this discordance between policy pronouncements
and market practices requires a nuanced approach from government authorities. A
thorough reassessment of existing strategies is essential to bridge the gap
between intention and outcome. This may involve closer collaboration with
stakeholders, refining regulatory frameworks, and incorporating feedback from
traders to create a more responsive and adaptive policy environment. By
fostering a dynamic relationship between policy-making and market realities,
governments can better navigate the intricacies of price control, ensuring that
their interventions align with the needs and dynamics of the actual

The role of government policies in regulating commodity
prices is crucial, but the effectiveness of these measures depends on their
alignment with market dynamics. The current challenge highlights the need for a
continuous dialogue between policymakers and market participants to fine-tune
strategies and ensure that regulations are not just announced but implemented
effectively. Only through such a collaborative and adaptive approach can
governments achieve the delicate balance required for successful price control

Merchant Perspectives:

Merchants in the market suggest that the prices are
reflective of the increased costs incurred in procuring these vegetables.
Importers highlight the impact of rising global commodity prices and the
associated increase in shipping and handling charges. However, consumers remain
skeptical, questioning whether these price hikes are genuinely justified or if
they are driven by profit motives.justified or if they are driven more by
opportunistic profit-seeking. From the merchant’s standpoint, the escalating
prices are a direct consequence of the heightened expenses involved in sourcing
vegetables. They argue that factors such as increased production costs,
transportation expenses, and other logistical challenges contribute to the
overall surge in prices. Importers, in particular, underscore the ripple effect
of soaring global commodity prices, coupled with the substantial rise in
shipping and handling costs. From their perspective, these external influences
exert immense pressure on the supply chain, ultimately affecting the prices
that consumers see in the market.

Consumers, on the other hand, approach these explanations
with a degree of skepticism. While they acknowledge the complexities of the
global market, they question the transparency of these cost increases and
whether they genuinely reflect the economic realities outlined by merchants and
importers. This skepticism underscores the importance of clear communication
from merchants to consumers, providing detailed insights into the factors
influencing pricing decisions. Bridging this communication gap is essential for
fostering trust and understanding between merchants and consumers, ensuring
that both parties are well-informed about the forces at play in the market.

Potential Solutions:

To address this surge in vegetable prices, a multi-pronged
approach may be necessary. This could involve:

1. Government Intervention: 

The government may
need to actively monitor and regulate the market to ensure that the announced
prices are adhered to by traders and merchants.

2. Support for Local Farmers: 

support to local farmers through subsidies, improved access to resources, and
modern agricultural practices could contribute to stabilizing the local
production of onions and potatoes.

 3. Public Awareness Campaigns: 

consumers about the factors influencing price fluctuations and encouraging
prudent buying practices can help in managing expectations and reducing panic
buying tendencies.

As the market grapples with these unprecedented price
increases, a collaborative effort involving government authorities, traders,
and consumers is essential to finding sustainable solutions. stability of
essential goods and services. Governments must play a proactive role in
monitoring and regulating markets to prevent exploitative practices, while
traders should embrace ethical business practices that prioritize the welfare
of the larger community over short-term gains. Simultaneously, consumers can
contribute by making informed choices, supporting local initiatives, and
advocating for fair pricing policies. In this collective endeavor, transparent
communication and shared responsibility will be the bedrock of a resilient and
equitable market landscape.


Navigating the complexities of volatile
markets demands a united front that transcends individual interests. The
challenges posed by unprecedented price increases require not just reactive measures
but a proactive and sustained commitment to fostering a fair and stable
economic environment. By fostering collaboration and emphasizing ethical
conduct at all levels, we can mitigate the impact of these price surges and
pave the way for a more sustainable and inclusive market that prioritizes the
well-being of both businesses and consumers.


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