Initiatives to Increase Bilateral Trade with Saudi Arabia


Initiatives to Increase Bilateral Trade with Saudi Arabia  

Initiatives to Increase Bilateral Trade


The decision of the Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry
(DCCI) to send a delegation to Saudi Arabia underscores the commitment of
Bangladeshi entrepreneurs to foster stronger economic ties with the Kingdom.
This strategic move is driven by the shared goal of enhancing bilateral trade
and investment between the two nations. The delegation comprises
representatives from diverse sectors, reflecting the broad spectrum of
opportunities both countries seek to explore and capitalize on. As the global
economic landscape evolves, such proactive initiatives become crucial in
navigating the complexities of international commerce.

Representing private entrepreneurs, the DCCI’s delegation is
on a mission to uncover untapped potential for economic collaboration with
Saudi Arabia. The focus extends beyond mere trade to delve into avenues for
mutually beneficial investments. This forward-looking approach aligns with the
evolving nature of diplomatic and economic relations between Bangladesh and
Saudi Arabia, which have seen substantial growth and development over the past
five decades. The timing of this business trip is opportune, given the
conducive atmosphere for furthering the economic synergy between the two

Historical Perspectives:

 Bangladesh’s Economic Evolution:

The economic evolution of Bangladesh has indeed been a fascinating journey, marked by significant shifts and transformations. Historically, Bangladesh was part of British India until 1947, after which it became East Pakistan following the partition of India. In 1971, Bangladesh gained independence through a bloody war, establishing itself as a sovereign nation.
In the early years post-independence, Bangladesh faced numerous challenges, including economic instability, natural disasters, and political upheavals. The economy was largely agrarian, with a heavy dependence on jute as a primary export commodity. However, the vulnerability of a single-crop economy became evident, especially after the decline in global demand for jute.
The turning point in Bangladesh’s economic landscape came with the liberation war in 1971 and the subsequent efforts to rebuild the nation. The country adopted policies aimed at reducing dependence on a single sector and promoting diversification. The garment industry emerged as a key player, capitalizing on the abundant labor force and gaining a competitive edge in the global market.
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Bangladesh continued to diversify its economy. The country experienced notable growth in the textile and apparel sector, earning it the nickname “the garment factory of the world.” Simultaneously, the information technology and telecommunications sectors began to gain traction, contributing to the country’s economic transformation.
The relationship between Saudi Arabia and Bangladesh has evolved in tandem with Bangladesh’s economic journey. Saudi Arabia has been a significant trading partner and a source of remittances for Bangladeshi workers abroad. The Kingdom has also been involved in various development projects in Bangladesh, contributing to infrastructure development and economic growth.
As Bangladesh progressed, its economic ties with Saudi Arabia expanded beyond traditional sectors. The two countries have explored opportunities for cooperation in technology, finance, and other emerging industries. Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030, a comprehensive plan to diversify its own economy, aligns with Bangladesh’s efforts to broaden its economic base.
In conclusion, Bangladesh’s economic evolution from an agrarian economy to a diversified and dynamic player in various sectors is reflective of its resilience and adaptability. The economic ties with Saudi Arabia have played a role in this transformation, contributing to mutual development and cooperation across different industries. The ongoing collaboration between the two nations reflects the shared commitment to fostering economic growth and prosperity.

Saudi Arabia’s Economic Reforms:

Indeed, Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 marks a pivotal moment in the country’s economic history and has far-reaching implications for its global partnerships, including those with nations like Bangladesh. Launched in 2016 by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Vision 2030 is a comprehensive plan aimed at reducing Saudi Arabia’s dependence on oil, diversifying its economy, and positioning the country as a hub for trade, investment, and innovation.
The initiative recognizes the need for economic reform to address the challenges posed by fluctuating oil prices and the long-term sustainability of the Saudi economy. By shifting focus towards non-oil sectors such as technology, entertainment, tourism, and finance, Saudi Arabia aims to create a vibrant and diversified economic landscape.
In the context of Bangladesh, this economic transformation in Saudi Arabia presents collaborative opportunities that go beyond traditional sectors. The diversification of Saudi Arabia’s economy opens up avenues for partnerships in areas such as technology transfer, knowledge exchange, and joint ventures. Bangladesh, with its emerging tech sector, skilled labor force, and growing economy, becomes a potential partner for Saudi Arabia in achieving its Vision 2030 goals.
The economic ties between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia can be strengthened through collaborative initiatives in various sectors, including information technology, renewable energy, healthcare, and education. As Saudi Arabia invests in developing a knowledge-based economy, there are opportunities for bilateral cooperation that can benefit both nations.
The adaptability and resilience demonstrated by both countries in the face of economic challenges highlight the potential for dynamic collaborations. Bangladesh, with its own economic evolution and diversification efforts, can contribute to and benefit from Saudi Arabia’s transformation. This mutual cooperation aligns with the broader trend of nations seeking strategic partnerships to navigate the complexities of the global economy.
In conclusion, the economic reforms outlined in Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 provide a framework for collaborative opportunities with nations like Bangladesh. As both countries adapt to changing economic landscapes, there is potential for mutually beneficial partnerships that extend beyond traditional trade relations, contributing to the prosperity and development of both nations.

Perspectives of Economic Diplomacy:

Diplomatic Channels:

Economic diplomacy is a critical aspect of international relations that involves leveraging diplomatic channels to promote economic interests and cooperation between nations. The perspectives of economic diplomacy between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia, as evidenced by trade missions and other initiatives, highlight the strategic importance both nations place on fostering strong economic ties. Here are some key points to consider:
1. Trade Missions as Diplomatic Tools:
   Trade missions serve as tangible expressions of a nation’s commitment to strengthening economic ties. These missions typically involve government officials, business leaders, and representatives from various sectors. The active participation of both nations in trade missions signifies a shared dedication to exploring opportunities for collaboration, fostering business partnerships, and deepening economic engagement.
2. Diplomatic Finesse:
   The success of economic diplomacy often hinges on the diplomatic finesse employed by both nations. Skilled diplomats play a crucial role in navigating complex negotiations, addressing potential challenges, and building bridges between different cultures and regulatory frameworks. Effective communication and understanding of each other’s priorities contribute to the success of economic diplomacy.
3.Creating a Conducive Environment:
   Diplomacy works to create an environment conducive to economic collaboration. This involves addressing not only trade policies but also regulatory frameworks, legal structures, and cultural considerations. By working together to remove barriers and streamline processes, nations can facilitate smoother economic interactions and encourage businesses to explore opportunities in each other’s markets.
4. Beyond Transactional Relations:
   Economic diplomacy goes beyond transactional relationships focused solely on trade agreements. Successful collaborations are grounded in shared values, mutual respect, and a long-term vision. Both nations aim to build enduring partnerships that extend beyond immediate economic gains, fostering a foundation for sustained cooperation and growth.
5. Shared Values and Long-Term Benefits:
   The active engagement of diplomatic channels ensures that economic relations are not solely driven by short-term gains. Both Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia likely emphasize shared values, cultural ties, and a commitment to mutual prosperity. This approach contributes to the development of a robust and enduring economic partnership.
The perspectives of economic diplomacy between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia highlight the multifaceted nature of their collaboration. Diplomatic finesse, trade missions, and the emphasis on shared values underscore the commitment of both nations to building a comprehensive and long-lasting economic relationship. As economic diplomacy continues to evolve, the strength of these diplomatic ties will play a crucial role in shaping the future trajectory of bilateral economic cooperation.

Private Sector Diplomacy:

Private sector diplomacy is a key driver in shaping international relations and fostering economic partnerships. The composition of delegations, particularly those involved in trade missions between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia, underscores the vital role played by the business community. Here are some key aspects of how private sector diplomacy contributes to shaping international relations:

1. Diverse Delegation Composition:

   Delegations that include representatives from various private sector industries reflect the diversity and dynamism of economic activities. This diversity allows for a comprehensive exploration of opportunities in different sectors, from technology and finance to manufacturing and services. It also ensures that the interests of a broad range of industries are represented, contributing to a more holistic and mutually beneficial collaboration.

2. Business Community Engagement:

   Private sector diplomacy actively engages the business community in the diplomatic process. Business leaders and entrepreneurs often possess firsthand knowledge of market dynamics, regulatory challenges, and business opportunities. Their participation in trade missions enables a direct and practical exchange of information, contributing to the formulation of policies that address the specific needs and concerns of the private sector.

3. People-to-People Connections:

   Private sector diplomacy goes beyond government-to-government interactions and fosters people-to-people connections. As business representatives interact with their counterparts in another country, relationships are built on trust, shared goals, and mutual understanding. These connections contribute to a robust network of relationships that can withstand challenges and fluctuations in diplomatic relations.

4. Resilience of Economic Partnerships:

   The relationships formed through private sector diplomacy are often more resilient, as they are built on commercial interests and the pursuit of mutual economic benefits. In times of geopolitical uncertainties or diplomatic challenges, these business connections can serve as stabilizing factors, providing continuity and momentum to economic partnerships.

5. Knowledge Exchange and Innovation:

   Private sector diplomacy facilitates knowledge exchange and innovation. Collaboration between businesses from different countries encourages the transfer of expertise, technology, and best practices. This cross-cultural exchange not only benefits the involved industries but also contributes to the overall economic development and innovation of both nations.

6. Contributing to Economic Resilience:

   Private sector diplomacy contributes to the resilience of economic partnerships by diversifying sources of collaboration. Governments may change, but the relationships forged by the private sector endure. This diversity of connections helps insulate economic relations from geopolitical shifts and enhances the adaptability of the business community to changing circumstances.
Private sector diplomacy, exemplified by diverse trade mission delegations, plays a pivotal role in shaping international relations between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia. The engagement of the business community goes beyond mere economic transactions, fostering enduring relationships that contribute to the resilience, adaptability, and long-term success of economic partnerships.

Economic Dynamics:

Trade Volume:

The trade volume between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia serves as a crucial indicator of the maturation and success of their economic ties. The consistent growth in bilateral trade volume is reflective of the positive trajectory in their economic relationship. Here are some key points to consider regarding the trade dynamics:
1. Maturation of Economic Ties:
   The consistent growth in bilateral trade volume is indicative of the maturation of economic ties between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia. As both nations diversify their economies and explore collaborative opportunities, the trade volume becomes a tangible measure of the progress made in fostering economic relations.
2. Quantitative Measure of Success:
   The $2 billion trade volume in 2022 serves as a quantitative measure of the success of collaborative efforts between the two countries. This figure represents the value of goods and services exchanged, highlighting the tangible benefits derived from economic cooperation. It underscores the effectiveness of policies, trade agreements, and collaborative initiatives undertaken by both nations.
3. Optimism and Confidence:
   The anticipation of a $6 billion trade volume in the future reflects optimism and confidence in the trajectory of the economic relationship. Such projections suggest that both Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia are optimistic about the potential for further expansion in trade. Confidence in the economic partnership is crucial for attracting investments, fostering business collaborations, and sustaining long-term economic growth.
4. Factors Driving Growth:
   The factors driving the growth in trade volume could include increased market access, the diversification of traded goods and services, improved trade facilitation measures, and the implementation of mutually beneficial economic policies. Understanding these factors allows policymakers and businesses to identify areas for continued collaboration and enhancement of economic relations.
5. Sectoral Contributions:
   Analyzing the composition of the trade volume can provide insights into the specific sectors driving economic collaboration. Whether it is textiles, technology, energy, or other industries, identifying the key contributors helps both nations strategically align their economic interests and focus on sectors with growth potential.
6. Policy Implications:
   The expected growth in trade volume has policy implications for both countries. Policymakers may need to consider measures that further facilitate trade, address potential challenges, and create an environment conducive to economic collaboration. This may include trade agreements, regulatory reforms, and infrastructure development.
The growth in bilateral trade volume between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia is a positive reflection of their evolving economic relationship. The $2 billion trade volume in 2022 and the anticipation of reaching $6 billion in the future signify not only the current success but also the promising trajectory of their economic ties. Continued collaboration, strategic planning, and a commitment to fostering economic partnerships are essential for sustaining this positive momentum.

Sectoral Collaboration:

Sectoral collaboration that spans a diverse range of industries between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia represents a comprehensive approach to economic partnership. The involvement of sectors such as Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), smart farming, and financial technology (fintech) highlights the strategic diversification of collaborative efforts. Here are key points regarding the significance of this sectoral diversity:
1. Mitigating Economic Risks:
   The diversification of industries involved in collaboration helps mitigate economic risks. Relying on a single sector can make nations vulnerable to fluctuations in global demand, market trends, or unforeseen challenges specific to that sector. By engaging in a broad range of industries, both Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia spread their economic risks, creating a more resilient partnership.
2. Adaptability to Market Trends:
   The collaboration across diverse sectors positions both nations to adapt to evolving market trends. Consumer preferences, technological advancements, and global economic shifts can impact industries differently. Engaging in various sectors allows for flexibility and adaptability, enabling both countries to capitalize on emerging opportunities and navigate changes in the business environment.
3. Thrust in Emerging Industries:
   The involvement in sectors like smart farming and fintech indicates a forward-looking approach, positioning Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia to thrive in emerging industries. Smart farming, for instance, leverages technology for sustainable and efficient agriculture, aligning with global trends in agricultural innovation. Fintech represents the intersection of finance and technology, addressing the growing demand for digital financial services.
4. Comprehensive Economic Partnership:
   The comprehensive nature of sectoral collaboration suggests a holistic economic partnership. By engaging in a wide array of industries, both nations contribute to each other’s economic development across multiple fronts. This approach goes beyond traditional trade relations and fosters a more interconnected and mutually beneficial economic ecosystem.
5. Technology Transfer and Innovation:
   Collaboration in diverse sectors facilitates technology transfer and promotes innovation. Each sector brings unique expertise, knowledge, and technological advancements. This cross-sectoral exchange enhances the overall innovation ecosystem in both countries, supporting advancements in technology, processes, and product development.
6. Building a Knowledge Economy:
   Engaging in sectors such as fintech emphasizes the importance of building a knowledge economy. The exchange of expertise and technology in knowledge-intensive sectors contributes to the development of skilled human capital, fostering innovation and competitiveness on a global scale.
7. Long-Term Sustainability:
   The sectoral diversity in collaboration contributes to the long-term sustainability of the economic partnership. As global economic landscapes evolve, having a multifaceted collaboration helps both nations navigate challenges and seize opportunities, ensuring the endurance and growth of their economic ties.
The diversification of industries involved in collaboration between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia reflects a strategic and forward-looking approach. This sectoral diversity not only mitigates economic risks but also positions both nations to thrive in emerging industries, creating a resilient and comprehensive economic partnership.

Future Outlook:

 Mutual Growth:

The forward-thinking approach of both nations towards mutual growth is a recurring theme. The collaborative initiatives not only seek immediate economic benefits but also lay the foundation for sustained growth. The alignment of the trade mission with Saudi Arabia’s ‘Vision 2030’ suggests a shared commitment to long-term prosperity and development.

Technological Exchange:

The focus on sectors like heavy machinery, smart farming, and fintech not only indicates economic collaboration but also highlights the potential for technological exchange. This exchange of expertise and technology is crucial for driving innovation, efficiency, and sustainability, fostering a relationship that goes beyond trade numbers.
The history of trade between Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia is a rich tapestry woven with historical evolution, diplomatic finesse, economic dynamics, and a shared commitment to future growth. The delegation’s journey is not merely a moment in time but a chapter in the ongoing narrative of a partnership that adapts to the changing global economic landscape. As both nations navigate the complexities of the 21st century, the Bangladesh-Saudi Arabia trade relationship stands as a beacon of collaboration, innovation, and shared prosperity.


Moving forward, this significant step towards a more robust
and dynamic partnership holds the promise of enduring economic collaboration.
The exchange of ideas, exploration of investment opportunities, and
strengthening of trade ties during this mission lay the groundwork for a future
marked by increased synergy and shared successes. Both nations, as they strive
for economic prosperity, can look forward to the positive outcomes of this
trade mission, anticipating a future characterized by innovation, sustainable
development, and a flourishing partnership that transcends geographical


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