Price Hike of Essential Commodities: The Struggle of the Common People in Bangladesh


Price Hike of Essential Commodities: The Struggle of the Common People in Bangladesh

Price Hike of Essential Commodities


Essential commodities, encompassing items crucial for the basic sustenance of individuals such as food, clothing, shelter, healthcare, and education, form the bedrock of daily life. In the context of Bangladesh, a developing nation grappling with the complex dynamics of its economy, the relentless surge in the prices of these essential goods and services has emerged as a pressing challenge for the common people. This pervasive issue transcends socio-economic strata, impacting every segment of society. The escalating price hike of essential commodities in Bangladesh constitutes a multifaceted problem with far-reaching implications. This article seeks to delve into the underlying causes, the consequential effects, and the ongoing struggle of the common people in their efforts to confront and navigate this persistent crisis.

The term “essential commodities” signifies not just material goods but also the fundamental services necessary for a dignified and fulfilling life. Food, representing the most basic human need, is intricately linked with nutrition and health. Clothing and shelter provide protection and security, while healthcare and education are pillars supporting individual well-being and societal progress. In the context of Bangladesh, a country with a rich cultural heritage and a diverse population, the increasing prices of these essentials pose a substantial threat to the quality of life for citizens across various social strata.

In many developing nations, including Bangladesh, the issue of rising prices is not merely an economic challenge but a complex interplay of various factors. As we delve deeper into this article, we will explore the root causes behind the escalating costs of essential commodities, analyze the far-reaching consequences on individuals and communities, and shed light on the collective efforts undertaken by the common people to grapple with and surmount this enduring crisis. By understanding the multifaceted nature of the problem, we can lay the groundwork for informed discussions and, potentially, effective solutions to alleviate the burden imposed by the rising prices of essential commodities in Bangladesh.

The Price Hike Predicament:

Situated in South Asia, Bangladesh has witnessed remarkable economic growth in recent decades, yet it grapples persistently with the challenge of soaring prices for essential commodities. This issue, which significantly impacts the lives of the common people, is shaped by a combination of factors that contribute to the intricate tapestry of the price hike predicament.

1. Inflation as a Persistent Culprit:

One of the primary drivers behind the escalating prices in Bangladesh is inflation. As the general price level of goods and services rises, the purchasing power of consumers diminishes, leading to an overall increase in the cost of living. In Bangladesh, inflation rates remain notably high, driven by factors such as escalating production costs, the volatility of international oil prices, and disruptions in the supply chain. These factors create a challenging economic environment for the common people, impacting their ability to afford essential goods and services.

2. Food Price Inflation and Climate Vulnerability:

   Food constitutes a substantial portion of the expenditure for the average Bangladeshi household. Fluctuations in food prices, often exacerbated by climate change-induced natural disasters like floods and cyclones, directly affect the daily lives of citizens. These disasters can damage crops, disrupt the food supply chain, and lead to a surge in food prices, intensifying the challenges faced by the population in meeting their nutritional needs.

3. Poverty and Income Inequality Amplifying the Strain:

 Despite economic growth, poverty remains a persistent challenge in Bangladesh. A significant portion of the population struggles to meet their basic needs, and income inequality further compounds the issue. The wealth gap between the rich and the poor exacerbates the challenges faced by those with limited financial resources, making it increasingly difficult for them to cope with the rising costs of essential commodities.

4. Import Dependency and Global Market Fluctuations:

Bangladesh heavily relies on imports for essential goods such as fuel, wheat, and edible oils. This dependence makes the country vulnerable to changes in international markets and global economic conditions. Fluctuations in global prices can directly impact the cost of living for the common people, as changes in import costs are often passed on to consumers, contributing to the overall price hike.

5. Government Policies and Unintended Consequences:

The role of government policies cannot be understated in the price hike predicament. Policies related to taxation, subsidies, and trade regulations wield significant influence over market dynamics. Well-intentioned policies, when poorly calibrated or executed, can have unintended consequences, inadvertently contributing to price increases. Striking the right balance in government interventions is crucial to mitigating the impact of policy decisions on the cost of essential commodities.

In unravelling the layers of the price hike predicament in Bangladesh, it becomes evident that a comprehensive understanding of these interconnected factors is essential for formulating effective and sustainable solutions. Addressing the multifaceted nature of this challenge requires a collaborative effort from policymakers, businesses, and civil society to create a more resilient and equitable economic landscape for the people of Bangladesh.

Consequences of the Price Hike:

The escalating prices of essential commodities in Bangladesh impose profound and far-reaching consequences on the lives of the common people, shaping a landscape marked by challenges and vulnerabilities:

1. Poverty Alleviation Challenges:

   The relentless surge in prices poses a formidable obstacle to the government’s efforts to alleviate poverty. As the cost of living escalates, individuals already living below the poverty line find it increasingly challenging to access even the most basic necessities. The aspirations of poverty reduction initiatives are thwarted, perpetuating a cycle of deprivation that hinders socio-economic progress.

2. Malnutrition and Food Insecurity:

   The spiraling cost of food has severe implications for nutrition and food security, particularly among vulnerable populations such as children and the elderly. As prices soar, access to nutritious food becomes a luxury for many, leading to malnutrition and compromising the health of the nation. The consequences reverberate across generations, impacting the physical and cognitive development of children and contributing to a cycle of intergenerational poverty.

3. Education Barriers:

 The ripple effects of skyrocketing prices extend beyond the realm of sustenance, infiltrating the educational sphere. Many parents find themselves grappling with the financial burden of school fees, textbooks, and uniforms. Consequently, children from economically challenged households are often forced to abandon their education, perpetuating a cycle of limited opportunities and reinforcing socio-economic disparities.

4. Healthcare Affordability:

   Rising prices not only impede access to basic necessities but also cast a shadow over healthcare affordability. As the cost of medical services and pharmaceuticals surges, individuals may shy away from seeking essential medical attention due to financial constraints. This reluctance can lead to the exacerbation of health conditions, with potential life-altering consequences and an increased burden on the healthcare system.

5. Social Unrest:

The cumulative impact of the price hike can manifest in social unrest, protests, and strikes as the common people bear the brunt of economic challenges. Frustration and discontentment stemming from the struggle to cope with high prices can translate into collective expressions of dissatisfaction, posing a threat to the stability and governance of the nation. Social cohesion is strained, and the potential for unrest becomes a palpable reality, underscoring the urgency of addressing the root causes of the price hike.

In navigating the consequences of the price hike, it becomes evident that the well-being of individuals, the trajectory of education, the state of public health, and the overall social fabric are intricately interwoven with the economic challenges posed by soaring commodity prices. Addressing these consequences requires a holistic approach that encompasses not only economic measures but also social and policy interventions aimed at fostering resilience and equity within the broader society.

The Common People’s Struggle:

Confronted with the unrelenting challenge of soaring prices for essential commodities, the common people of Bangladesh have not succumbed to passivity. Instead, they have demonstrated remarkable resilience and engaged in diverse forms of struggle to counteract the adversities posed by the escalating costs of necessities.

1. Collective Bargaining:

   Labor unions, community organizations, and grassroots movements have emerged as instrumental advocates for the common people. Engaging in collective bargaining, these groups tirelessly strive to secure fair wages, improved working conditions, and enhanced access to essential services. By uniting the voices of the working class, they aim to influence policies that mitigate the impact of rising prices on the everyday lives of citizens.

2. Grassroots Activism:

Local activists and organizations contribute significantly to the common people’s struggle by raising awareness about the challenges posed by price hikes. Through initiatives such as rallies, seminars, and awareness campaigns, grassroots activism seeks to inform and mobilize communities, fostering a collective understanding of the issues at hand and encouraging concerted efforts towards sustainable solutions.

3. Consumer Movements:

Consumer protection and advocacy groups play a pivotal role in ensuring that common people receive fair treatment in the marketplace. These groups actively work to hold businesses and traders accountable for unjust price increases and unfair business practices. By advocating for transparent and ethical market practices, they contribute to creating an environment where consumers can access goods and services at reasonable prices.

4. Government Accountability:

Civic engagement and advocacy groups exert pressure for government accountability and transparency in policymaking. These groups lobby for effective policies that can alleviate the burden of rising prices on the common people. By actively participating in the democratic process, they strive to influence decision-makers to enact measures that address the root causes of the price hike predicament.

5. Self-Sustainability Initiatives:

Proactively addressing the issue, some common people have embarked on self-sustainability initiatives. This includes endeavors such as home gardening, poultry farming, and cottage industries, aimed at reducing dependency on expensive market goods. These initiatives not only empower individuals but also contribute to building resilient and self-reliant communities.

6. Charity and Social Services:

 Charitable organizations, often led by individuals and communities, play a crucial role in providing assistance to those most affected by the price hike. These initiatives extend beyond immediate relief, offering sustained support such as food provisions, clothing, and educational assistance to those facing economic hardships.

7. Social Innovation:

 Innovative individuals and groups are actively working on solutions that can address the issue of price hikes. This involves developing low-cost alternatives, promoting more efficient distribution systems, and creating innovative solutions that alleviate the economic strain on the common people. Social innovation becomes a key driver in exploring sustainable and transformative approaches to combat the challenges posed by rising commodity prices.

In the face of adversity, the common people of Bangladesh showcase a dynamic and multifaceted approach to combat the consequences of the price hike. Their collective efforts, spanning grassroots activism, consumer advocacy, and self-sustainability initiatives, exemplify a resilient spirit that seeks not only to endure but to proactively shape a more equitable and sustainable future for all.

Government Initiatives:

In response to the formidable challenge posed by the rising prices of essential commodities, the government of Bangladesh has proactively implemented a range of initiatives aimed at addressing the issue and alleviating its impact on the common people. These multifaceted initiatives reflect a commitment to fostering economic stability and ensuring the well-being of citizens:

1. Subsidies:

One pivotal strategy employed by the government involves providing subsidies on essential goods such as rice, wheat, and edible oil. These subsidies are instrumental in stabilizing prices, making these basic necessities more affordable for the common people. By directly intervening in the market, the government endeavors to shield citizens from the full brunt of escalating costs, particularly for items that form the core of their daily sustenance.

2. Safety Nets:

Social safety net programs represent a crucial aspect of the government’s efforts to support those living below the poverty line. Initiatives like the Vulnerable Group Development (VGD) program and the Employment Generation Program for the Poorest (EGPP) are designed to create a safety net for vulnerable populations, providing financial assistance, skill development opportunities, and other forms of support. These programs aim to uplift individuals and families facing economic hardships, contributing to poverty alleviation.

3. Price Controls:

Recognizing the need for immediate intervention, the government occasionally imposes price controls on specific essential commodities. This proactive measure is designed to prevent excessive price increases, particularly during periods of market volatility. By regulating the pricing of essential items, the government seeks to ensure that the cost of living remains within manageable bounds for the common people.

4. Trade Policies:

Formulating and implementing effective trade policies is another cornerstone of the government’s approach to addressing the price hike predicament. These policies are crafted to guarantee a stable supply of essential goods while curbing hoarding and profiteering by traders. By fostering a balanced and transparent trade environment, the government aims to maintain a steady flow of commodities into the market, preventing artificial shortages that could contribute to price fluctuations.

5. Food Security Programs:

 Recognizing the critical importance of food security, the government has instituted programs like the Open Market Sale (OMS) and the Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF) program. These initiatives are geared towards ensuring that the poor and vulnerable have consistent access to food at reasonable prices. The Open Market Sale program, for instance, involves the government selling essential commodities at subsidized rates in open markets, directly benefiting those in need.

In aggregate, these government initiatives reflect a comprehensive and proactive approach to tackling the multifaceted challenges posed by rising commodity prices. By combining market interventions, social safety nets, and targeted support programs, the government of Bangladesh endeavors to create an environment where the impact of the price hike is mitigated, and the common people are better equipped to navigate economic uncertainties.

Challenges and Opportunities:

While the commendable efforts of both the common people and the government of Bangladesh are apparent in addressing the issue of rising commodity prices, there persist challenges that warrant attention. Simultaneously, these challenges present opportunities for strategic interventions and improvements in the broader economic landscape:

1. Corruption:

Corruption remains a pervasive challenge within the government machinery and various sectors of society. Instances of corruption can undermine the effectiveness of policies and initiatives aimed at alleviating the price hike. Addressing corruption requires comprehensive anti-corruption measures, increased transparency, and the strengthening of institutions to ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and fairly.

2. Lack of Infrastructure:

Insufficient infrastructure, particularly in transportation and storage facilities, poses a significant challenge. Inadequate logistics can lead to supply chain disruptions, causing delays and inefficiencies that contribute to increased prices. Addressing this challenge provides an opportunity for strategic investments in infrastructure development, which can enhance the efficiency of the supply chain and contribute to price stabilization.

3. Global Factors:

   Factors beyond the control of the government, such as international oil prices, global economic conditions, and climate change, exert substantial influence on local price dynamics. While these global factors pose challenges, they also underscore the need for diversification, resilience, and sustainable practices within the domestic economy. Opportunities lie in developing strategies to adapt to global changes and mitigating their impact on local markets.

4. Population Growth:

   Bangladesh’s high population growth rate places immense pressure on the availability of resources and essential commodities. This demographic challenge requires a multifaceted approach, including family planning initiatives, educational programs, and economic development strategies that can help manage population growth sustainably. Additionally, investments in agricultural technology and practices can enhance food production to meet the needs of a growing population.

5. Policy Implementation:

   Effective implementation of government policies, such as subsidies and price controls, faces challenges due to administrative inefficiencies. Opportunities for improvement lie in streamlining administrative processes, enhancing monitoring mechanisms, and investing in technological solutions that can improve the efficiency of policy implementation. Strengthening the capacity of government institutions to execute policies effectively is crucial for ensuring the intended benefits reach the common people.

In navigating these challenges, there exists an opportunity for a collaborative approach that involves the government, civil society, and the private sector. Addressing corruption requires joint efforts to foster transparency, infrastructure development can be a shared responsibility involving public and private partnerships, and global factors demand strategic economic planning that anticipates and mitigates external shocks. By viewing challenges as opportunities for improvement and collaboration, Bangladesh can foster a more resilient and equitable economic environment, ultimately benefiting the common people and promoting sustainable development.

However, there are also opportunities for improvement:

1.Technology and Innovation: 

Embracing technology and fostering innovation in agriculture, supply chain management, and distribution holds immense promise. Advanced agricultural practices, precision farming techniques, and technology-driven supply chain solutions can enhance efficiency and productivity, contributing to stable prices and a more robust distribution network. Additionally, digital platforms can facilitate transparent market transactions, reducing the scope for market manipulations that could lead to price hikes.

2. Collaboration:

The power of collaboration between the government, civil society, and the private sector cannot be overstated. Joint efforts can lead to more effective and holistic solutions. A collaborative approach ensures that policies are well-informed, socially inclusive, and sustainable. By leveraging the unique strengths of each sector, collaborative initiatives can address the root causes of the price hike issue and create enduring solutions that benefit the entire populace.

3. Sustainable Practices:

Promoting sustainable agricultural practices and embracing renewable energy sources are essential components of a forward-looking strategy. Sustainable agriculture not only ensures the long-term viability of food production but also mitigates environmental impacts. Encouraging responsible consumption practices, including minimizing waste and adopting eco-friendly alternatives, contributes to both environmental sustainability and the reduction of overall costs, thereby helping to counter the impact of rising prices.

4. Education and Awareness:

 Continued efforts to raise awareness about the consequences of price hikes and imparting financial literacy to the common people are integral components of a proactive strategy. Educating individuals about budgeting, saving, and prudent financial management empowers them to navigate economic challenges more effectively. Moreover, ongoing awareness campaigns can foster a collective understanding of the broader economic landscape, encouraging responsible consumer behavior and creating a more informed citizenry.

The persistence of the price hike challenge underscores the need for comprehensive and innovative solutions. By capitalizing on these opportunities for improvement, Bangladesh can not only address the immediate consequences of rising commodity prices but also build a foundation for long-term economic resilience. The combination of technological advancements, collaborative efforts, sustainable practices, and educational initiatives can collectively contribute to a more equitable and stable economic environment for the common people, paving the way for a brighter future.


In conclusion, tackling the pervasive issue of price hikes in Bangladesh demands a comprehensive strategy that encompasses diverse elements ranging from policy overhauls to the development of robust infrastructure and the implementation of innovative solutions. The multifaceted nature of this challenge necessitates collaborative endeavors, with the active involvement of the government, civil society, and the private sector. By synergizing their efforts, these stakeholders can collectively address the root causes of price increases and formulate sustainable solutions that alleviate the burden on the common people.

Policy reforms stand out as a crucial component in this multifaceted approach. Governments can play a pivotal role in shaping and implementing policies that foster economic stability, curb inflation, and promote fair competition within markets. Strategic measures, such as revisiting subsidy programs, streamlining regulatory frameworks, and promoting transparency, can contribute to creating an environment where price hikes are less likely to occur and have a lesser impact when they do.

Simultaneously, a concerted effort towards improving infrastructure is essential. Investments in transportation, storage facilities, and supply chain logistics can enhance efficiency and reduce wastage, thus mitigating factors that contribute to price volatility. Modernizing infrastructure not only ensures a smoother flow of goods but also helps in stabilizing prices by minimizing disruptions in the supply chain.

Innovation also plays a pivotal role in addressing the price hike problem. The integration of technology, such as data analytics and digital platforms, can optimize resource allocation, reduce inefficiencies, and enhance market predictability. Moreover, exploring alternative agricultural practices, adopting sustainable production methods, and encouraging the development of resilient local industries can contribute to long-term price stability.

Collaboration among diverse stakeholders is paramount to the success of these initiatives. The active participation of civil society organizations can help ensure that policies are inclusive, considering the needs of vulnerable populations. Meanwhile, private sector engagement can bring in valuable expertise and resources to implement and sustain these initiatives effectively.

By combining these elements into a cohesive strategy, Bangladesh can pave the way for a more equitable and sustainable future. The joint efforts of the government, civil society, and the private sector can create an environment where price hikes are not just mitigated but also prevented, fostering economic stability and ensuring the well-being of the population at large. In essence, a multifaceted and collaborative approach is the key to building a resilient and fair economic system in Bangladesh.


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