Crazy Horse of Elections in Bangladesh


Crazy Horse of Elections in Bangladesh 

Crazy Horse of Elections in Bangladesh 

Bangladesh’s political landscape unfolds as a captivating tapestry, where the “crazy horse” of elections charges forward, propelling the nation into an uncertain future. This dynamic environment is characterized by an ongoing struggle for power, a mosaic of vibrant political parties, and a rich historical context that weaves together the intricate fabric of Bangladeshi politics. To understand the depth of this complexity, it is essential to trace the historical threads, illuminate the key political players and parties, and scrutinize the nuanced issues and challenges that shape this ever-evolving political panorama.

At the heart of Bangladesh’s political narrative lies the pulsating rhythm of democratic processes, where elections serve as the lifeblood of the nation’s governance. The “crazy horse” metaphor aptly captures the spirited nature of these elections, a metaphorical gallop that mirrors the fervor and intensity with which political forces vie for the reins of power. This metaphor, evoking a sense of unpredictability and dynamism, encapsulates the essence of Bangladeshi politics—a ceaseless quest for political dominance, where power shifts like the unpredictable gait of a spirited steed.

The diversity of political parties further enriches this narrative, painting a vivid portrait of pluralism in the political arena. From longstanding behemoths to emerging forces, the political spectrum in Bangladesh showcases a kaleidoscope of ideologies, visions, and aspirations. Each party, with its unique historical roots and ideological underpinnings, contributes to the mosaic of opinions that collectively shape the nation’s destiny.

Unraveling the historical threads reveals the intricate interplay of events that have shaped contemporary Bangladeshi politics. From the struggle for independence and the birth of the nation in 1971 to subsequent periods of military rule, coups, and the restoration of democracy, each chapter contributes to the narrative of a resilient nation charting its course through tumultuous waters.

In this exploration, it becomes imperative to scrutinize the key political players—the figures who dominate the stage and wield influence over the political landscape. Understanding their motivations, alliances, and policies is crucial for unraveling the complexities that define Bangladeshi politics.

As we embark on this journey of exploration, it is equally essential to illuminate the challenges and issues that cast shadows over the political landscape. From issues of governance and corruption to socioeconomic disparities and regional tensions, these challenges provide context for understanding the ongoing dynamics within the political arena.

In the chapters that follow, we will delve into the historical context, dissect the political players and parties, and analyze the intricate issues and challenges that shape Bangladesh’s political terrain. Through this comprehensive exploration, we aim to navigate the complex tapestry of Bangladeshi politics and gain insight into the forces that steer the nation’s course.

The Enigma of Bangladesh Elections:

In the intricate dance of Bangladeshi politics, the ultimate prize is undeniably the Prime Minister’s seat. It is a coveted position that captures the aspirations and ambitions of political contenders, and yet, it gives rise to perplexing questions among the general public. The query that often resonates is: What is the significance of having multiple parties if, in the end, the election culminates in the victory of just one?

The Election Commission’s stance on this matter provides clarity, albeit with a twist that sets Bangladesh’s political landscape apart. Even if a single party manages to secure an overwhelming 100% of the votes, the election is deemed legally valid. This intriguing facet of the electoral process underscores the uniqueness of Bangladesh’s political system, where government stability is tethered to a single-party majority rather than the intricacies of coalition politics.

The absence of a requirement for coalition-building sets Bangladesh apart from many other democracies. In this political theater, the spotlight is often on the dominance of a single party, emphasizing a decisive mandate that, theoretically, should streamline governance processes. However, this simplicity raises eyebrows, prompting observers and citizens alike to question the essence of a multi-party system when the political narrative inevitably converges on a singular victor.

Against this backdrop, the Election Commission emerges as a central player, wielding significant influence over the electoral process. Working in tandem with District Commissioners and Officers-in-Charge, the Election Commission assumes a pivotal role in maintaining the integrity of the elections. Their responsibility goes beyond the mere conduct of the polls; it extends to ensuring that the “crazy horse” of elections is tamed, that the electoral process remains fair, transparent, and reflective of the will of the people.

As Bangladesh navigates the enigma of its elections, the single-party majority paradigm brings both strengths and challenges. On one hand, it promises a clear mandate and, in theory, a more streamlined governance structure. On the other hand, it prompts a nuanced dialogue about the diversity of voices within a democratic framework. This raises broader questions about the effectiveness of checks and balances, the vibrancy of political discourse, and the inclusivity of decision-making processes.

The conundrum of Bangladesh’s elections encapsulates the complexities inherent in democratic governance. It challenges conventional expectations and prompts a deeper exploration of the interplay between political structures and the aspirations of a diverse citizenry. As the “crazy horse” of elections continues its gallop, the enigma persists, inviting ongoing reflection on the nature and evolution of Bangladesh’s unique political journey.

Election Preparations: A Joint Effort:

In Bangladesh, the meticulous preparations for elections unfold as a captivating spectacle, reminiscent of taming the proverbial “crazy horse” of electoral politics. This endeavor is a shared responsibility, requiring collaborative efforts from key stakeholders, including the Election Commission, District Commissioners, and law enforcement agencies. Together, they strive to orchestrate a fair and transparent electoral process in the dynamic and unpredictable landscape of Bangladeshi politics.

The term “crazy horse” aptly captures the essence of the electoral process, characterized by its unpredictability and fervor. The political arena becomes a battleground where various parties vie for supremacy, creating an atmosphere of excitement, uncertainty, and anticipation. As the election draws near, the entire nation watches with bated breath to witness the unfolding drama of democratic choice.

The collaborative efforts of the Election Commission stand out as a linchpin in this process. Tasked with overseeing and regulating the electoral proceedings, the Election Commission plays a pivotal role in ensuring that the “crazy horse” of elections remains within the bounds of fairness and transparency. Their responsibilities encompass a range of activities, from voter registration to the conduct of the polls, all aimed at upholding the democratic principles that underpin the electoral process.

District Commissioners, working in conjunction with the Election Commission, contribute significantly to the logistical and administrative aspects of election preparations. Their role involves coordinating with various government agencies to facilitate the smooth execution of the electoral process at the local level. This collaborative effort extends to ensuring the availability of necessary resources, maintaining law and order, and addressing any challenges that may arise in the lead-up to and during the election.

Law enforcement agencies also play a crucial role in election preparations, focusing on maintaining security and order. Their responsibility involves safeguarding polling stations, preventing any untoward incidents, and ensuring that voters can exercise their rights without fear or intimidation. The commitment of law enforcement agencies is instrumental in creating an environment where citizens feel safe to participate in the democratic process.

The question that lingers in the collective consciousness is whether the “crazy horse” of elections can be controlled. The answer remains elusive, as the very nature of democratic choice is rooted in the unpredictability of public sentiment. The outcomes of elections carry profound implications, not only for the composition of the government but also for the future trajectories of political parties, their leaders, and their ardent supporters.

The image of the “horse” becomes a symbolic representation of the nation’s political mood. Its gallop signifies the spirited journey of democracy, reflecting the diverse aspirations and opinions of the people. The joint effort in election preparations becomes a crucial undertaking to harness this energy, ensuring that the electoral process remains a true reflection of the collective will of the citizens of Bangladesh. As the nation braces itself for the “crazy horse” to take center stage once again, the joint efforts of stakeholders stand as a testament to the enduring commitment to democratic ideals and the vibrant tapestry of Bangladeshi politics.

Diverse Aspirations of the Power Seekers:

The political landscape in Bangladesh is indeed a complex tapestry woven with diverse interests and aspirations. Various political parties, each with its unique vision for the nation’s future, navigate the intricate web of Bangladeshi politics, often with strategies that diverge significantly. The disparities among these parties are not merely a consequence of contemporary differences; they must be understood in the broader context of historical experiences and perspectives that have shaped the nation.

The early years of Bangladesh’s independence, particularly the 1973 elections, marked a significant chapter in the nation’s political history. During this period, several political parties, including the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (JASOD), contested and won a substantial number of seats. This era reflected the vibrancy and pluralism of Bangladeshi politics, with different parties contributing to the democratic process and influencing the trajectory of the nation’s development.

However, political stability proved elusive, and the landscape witnessed turbulence in subsequent years. In 1986, General Ershad orchestrated a coup, seizing control of the government. The political upheaval that followed prompted opposition parties to boycott the 1986 elections, arguing that participation would amount to endorsing an undemocratic regime. This period underscored the inherent challenges in establishing and sustaining democratic governance, as political dynamics shifted amid power struggles and resistance to perceived autocratic rule.

Each election in Bangladesh has left an indelible mark on the nation’s political history, contributing to the evolving narrative of its democratic journey. The contested elections, political turmoil, and shifts in power dynamics have not only shaped the political landscape but have also influenced the way political actors and parties engage with the democratic process.

Understanding the complexities of the political landscape requires a nuanced examination of the historical context within which these parties operate. The experiences of the early years of independence and subsequent periods of political upheaval have created a backdrop against which contemporary political strategies and visions unfold. The divergent paths chosen by political parties are often rooted in historical perspectives, reflecting the lessons learned and the challenges faced during critical junctures in Bangladesh’s political evolution.

As Bangladesh continues its democratic journey, each election becomes a chapter in the nation’s unfolding story, contributing to the rich tapestry of its political history. The intricacies of diverse interests, contesting visions, and historical experiences converge in a dynamic landscape where the “crazy horse” of elections gallops forward, shaping the destiny of the nation.

Historical Roots of Bangladeshi Politics:

To comprehend the intricate tapestry of Bangladesh’s contemporary politics, it is imperative to embark on a journey back to the historical roots that have shaped the nation’s political identity. The region now known as Bangladesh boasts a rich history of political and cultural diversity, with its roots deeply embedded in the annals of ancient empires and dynasties.

The land that constitutes present-day Bangladesh was once part of illustrious empires, including the Maurya and Gupta Empires, whose influence has left an enduring mark on the cultural and political landscape. Successive dynasties, such as the Pala and Chola dynasties, further contributed to the region’s vibrant heritage, showcasing a tapestry of diverse cultural influences and political governance.

However, the turning point in the historical trajectory of Bangladesh occurred during the era of British colonial rule in India. The partition of Bengal in 1947, which created East Pakistan as part of the newly formed state of Pakistan, reshaped the political dynamics of the region. The artificial division based on religious lines sowed the seeds of discontent, setting the stage for the socio-political struggles that would follow.

The struggle for linguistic and cultural rights emerged as a focal point for the people of East Pakistan, who felt marginalized within the framework of the larger Pakistani state. This discontent culminated in the Language Movement of 1952, a watershed moment that laid the foundation for the assertion of Bengali identity. The events that unfolded during this period of resistance foreshadowed the larger struggle for autonomy and self-determination.

The pinnacle of this struggle came in 1971 with the Bangladesh Liberation War. The traumatic experiences of this war, marked by widespread atrocities and sacrifices, led to the birth of the independent nation of Bangladesh. The political landscape of the newly formed nation was deeply influenced by the scars of this conflict, and the collective memory of the liberation struggle became a cornerstone of Bangladesh’s political identity.

The historical roots of Bangladeshi politics are thus intertwined with a narrative of resilience, resistance, and the quest for self-determination. The struggle against external domination and the subsequent emergence of an independent nation have left an indelible imprint on the political consciousness of the Bangladeshi people. The historical echoes of ancient empires, the impact of colonial rule, and the struggle for autonomy collectively contribute to the complex mosaic of Bangladesh’s political identity. As the nation navigates its contemporary challenges, this historical backdrop serves as a poignant reminder of the enduring spirit that shapes the political destiny of Bangladesh.

The “Crazy Horse” of Elections:

Elections in Bangladesh are often likened to a chaotic horse race, where the “crazy horse” of politics charges ahead, unpredictable and untamable. The term reflects the ever-changing dynamics of Bangladeshi politics. It implies a high level of unpredictability, where electoral outcomes are never guaranteed and the political climate can shift rapidly.

The primary goal of these elections is to determine the occupant of the Prime Minister’s seat. In Bangladesh’s unique political system, the party that secures this position effectively forms the government, often with a single-party majority. This dominance by one party stands in contrast to coalition politics seen in many other democracies. However, the legitimacy of this approach has been a subject of debate, with some questioning the value of multiple parties when the ultimate power resides with just one.

The Election Commission plays a pivotal role in overseeing the electoral process, ensuring that it remains free and fair. However, its independence and impartiality have been questioned over the years. This raises concerns about whether the “crazy horse” of elections can truly be tamed and harnessed for the greater good of the nation.

The Diverse Landscape of Political Parties :

Bangladesh’s political panorama is a vibrant tapestry woven with the threads of numerous political parties, each carrying its unique ideology, leadership, and a dedicated cadre of supporters. This diverse array of political entities reflects the multifaceted aspirations and perspectives of the Bangladeshi people, contributing to the intricate dynamics of the nation’s political landscape.

At the forefront of this diverse political canvas is the Awami League, a political powerhouse led by Sheikh Hasina. The Awami League has been a dominant force in Bangladeshi politics, currently holding the reins of power with Sheikh Hasina serving as the Prime Minister. With a storied history rooted in political activism, the Awami League played a pivotal role in the country’s struggle for independence, forging a deep connection with the people.

On the other side of the political spectrum is the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), led by Khaleda Zia. The BNP stands as a formidable challenger to the ruling Awami League and has seen its share of power during various periods in the nation’s history. The political rivalry between the Awami League and the BNP has been a defining feature of Bangladesh’s political landscape, shaping the contours of power and influence.

Another influential player in this diverse political theater is the Jatiya Party, originally formed by General H.M. Ershad. The Jatiya Party has played a crucial role in coalition politics, at times aligning with ruling governments and contributing to the complex dynamics of power-sharing.

Beyond these major players, the political landscape is further enriched by smaller parties, each bringing its distinct perspectives and agendas. These smaller parties often form alliances with the major players, creating coalitions that can significantly impact the outcome of elections. The fluidity of alliances and the strategic positioning of smaller parties add an element of unpredictability to the political landscape, where shifts in allegiances can reshape the balance of power.

The significance of coalition politics cannot be overstated in Bangladesh, where alliances and collaborations among parties play a pivotal role in shaping governance. The interplay of major and minor political entities forms a complex web of relationships, negotiations, and power-sharing arrangements that define the ever-evolving nature of Bangladeshi politics.

As Bangladesh navigates its democratic journey, the diverse landscape of political parties remains a testament to the pluralistic nature of its political discourse. The interactions, conflicts, and collaborations among these parties contribute to the vibrancy of the nation’s democracy, where the aspirations of the people find expression through the myriad voices and visions represented in its political mosaic.

Challenges and Controversies in Bangladesh’s Elections:

The quest for free and fair elections in Bangladesh is a perpetual challenge, marked by persistent controversies that cast shadows over the electoral process. Among the contentious issues, the integrity of the Election Commission stands at the forefront, facing accusations of bias and favoritism that fuel concerns about the independence and credibility of the electoral apparatus.

Critics argue that the influence of the ruling party over the Election Commission compromises its autonomy. The perception of undue influence raises questions about the Commission’s ability to act as a neutral arbiter, fostering an environment where electoral processes can unfold without partisan interference. The integrity of the electoral process hinges on the perception of fairness and impartiality, and any perceived deviation from these principles can undermine the public’s trust in the democratic system.

Law enforcement agencies also find themselves under scrutiny during elections, with allegations of voter suppression and manipulation casting doubt on the transparency of the electoral process. Accusations of undue interference, biased enforcement, or manipulation of electoral conditions can have far-reaching implications, sowing seeds of skepticism and eroding the public’s faith in the democratic machinery.

Instances of voter suppression and manipulation not only challenge the legitimacy of election outcomes but also hinder the development of a robust democratic system. Public trust is a cornerstone of any functioning democracy, and controversies surrounding the electoral process can have lasting effects, dampening the enthusiasm of citizens to participate actively in the democratic exercise.

The controversies surrounding Bangladesh’s elections highlight the delicate balance that must be maintained to ensure a fair and transparent democratic process. The need for an independent and impartial Election Commission, free from external influences, is paramount. Additionally, law enforcement agencies must operate with the utmost transparency and adherence to the principles of fairness, ensuring that citizens can exercise their voting rights without fear or manipulation.

Addressing these challenges requires a commitment to strengthening the institutions that uphold the democratic process. Calls for reforms to enhance the independence of the Election Commission, transparency in law enforcement operations, and mechanisms to address allegations of malpractice are essential steps toward fostering a resilient and vibrant democracy in Bangladesh. In the face of controversies, the nation’s democratic journey relies on the ability to address these challenges head-on, reinforcing the foundations of a system where the voice of the people can be heard without hindrance or scepticism.

Elections as Turning Points:

The annals of Bangladesh’s political history are punctuated by elections that have served as crucial turning points, shaping the nation’s trajectory and leaving a lasting imprint on its political landscape. Each electoral chapter unfolds with its own set of dynamics, challenges, and consequences, influencing the narrative of Bangladesh’s democratic journey.

The 1973 elections, held merely two years after the hard-fought independence, marked a seminal moment in Bangladesh’s political history. The contest saw a multitude of parties vying for seats, reflecting the fervor and diversity of the newly formed democratic system. However, the aftermath of these elections witnessed tumultuous events, including a coup led by General Ershad, introducing an era of uncertainty and division that cast shadows over the nascent democracy.

The 1986 elections, conducted under the rule of General Ershad, carried a cloud of controversy that further deepened the political fissures in the nation. The General’s threat to disqualify candidates who contested under his leadership set the stage for a contentious electoral process. Opposition parties responded with a boycott, asserting that participation would legitimize an undemocratic regime. This period underscored the challenges of democratic governance in the face of political upheaval.

The year 2014 emerged as another pivotal moment, marked by significant developments that heightened political polarization and division. The government’s decision to increase the number of Members of Parliament without a vote triggered criticism and fueled discontent. The opposition, calling for a caretaker government, opted to boycott the elections, leading to a scenario where the ruling Awami League secured a majority in the absence of substantial opposition. The repercussions of this election resonated in the subsequent years, contributing to ongoing political challenges and shaping the contours of power dynamics.

These elections, with their complexities and controversies, serve as milestones that reflect the evolving nature of Bangladesh’s democracy. They underscore the delicate interplay between political forces, the quest for legitimacy, and the challenges of governance in a diverse and dynamic nation. The echoes of each electoral chapter reverberate through time, shaping the collective memory and influencing the course of Bangladesh’s democratic evolution. As the nation continues its democratic journey, the lessons drawn from these turning points contribute to a nuanced understanding of the intricate dynamics that define its political landscape.

General Ershad’s Legacy in Bangladeshi Politics:

General Hussain Muhammad Ershad’s rule in Bangladesh had a profound and enduring impact on the nation’s political landscape. His tenure, marked by controversial policies and actions, left an indelible imprint that shaped the course of Bangladesh’s political evolution.

One of the notable aspects of General Ershad’s rule was the introduction of policies that generated considerable controversy and uncertainty. His threat to disqualify candidates who participated in elections under his leadership created an atmosphere of apprehension and raised questions about the democratic integrity of the electoral process. This move was met with resistance and criticism, as it challenged the principles of a fair and inclusive democratic system.

Despite the initial threat and the uncertainties surrounding electoral participation, General Ershad eventually stepped back from the brink, allowing for subsequent elections and a return to a more democratic political system. The decision to put aside the disqualification threat marked a significant shift, providing an opportunity for political processes to resume and for the nation to navigate its democratic journey.

General Ershad’s legacy is characterized by a complex interplay of authoritarian governance, political maneuvering, and the eventual reassertion of democratic norms. While his rule faced criticism for undemocratic practices, the decision to relinquish certain autocratic measures allowed Bangladesh to move forward and reaffirm its commitment to democratic principles.

Th enduring legacy of General Ershad’s rule remains a subject of historical reflection and ongoing discourse in Bangladesh. His impact on the political landscape serves as a reminder of the challenges and complexities inherent in the pursuit of democratic governance. As Bangladesh continues its journey, the lessons drawn from this period contribute to the nation’s evolving understanding of democracy, governance, and the resilience required to navigate the intricate dynamics of political transformation.

 The Legacy of 2018 Elections in Bangladesh:

The 2018 elections in Bangladesh represented a notable departure from the past, with efforts made by the government to introduce reforms aimed at enhancing the credibility of the electoral process. One key initiative was the establishment of a non-partisan election-time administration, a move designed to ensure impartiality and transparency during the crucial period leading up to the elections.

The creation of a non-partisan election-time administration was intended to address longstanding concerns about the potential influence of the ruling party on the electoral machinery. By fostering an environment that appeared neutral and independent, the government sought to build confidence in the electoral process and alleviate suspicions of bias.

Despite these reform efforts, a cloud of mistrust persisted, particularly within the opposition. The opposition parties remained cautious and wary of the ruling party’s intentions, expressing skepticism about the extent of the electoral reforms and the true independence of the election-time administration. Such lingering mistrust underscored the challenges of fostering a genuinely inclusive and transparent electoral environment.

The legacy of the 2018 elections, therefore, reflects a nuanced landscape where efforts to enhance the credibility of the electoral process coexisted with persistent suspicions and skepticism. The question of trust in the democratic machinery remained a critical aspect of Bangladesh’s political discourse, highlighting the delicate balance required to establish a truly neutral and impartial electoral framework.

As Bangladesh continues its democratic journey, the legacy of the 2018 elections serves as a point of reflection and evaluation. The challenges faced in building trust and ensuring a level playing field underscore the ongoing quest for electoral reforms that resonate with all segments of the population. The lessons learned from the 2018 elections contribute to a broader understanding of the complexities inherent in the pursuit of transparent, inclusive, and credible electoral processes in Bangladesh.

The Upcoming Elections and Hope for Change in Bangladesh:

As Bangladesh stands on the precipice of another round of elections scheduled for January, the nation is brimming with anticipation and a sense of expectation. The incumbent government has undertaken efforts to establish a non-partisan election-time administration, signaling a commitment to enhancing the credibility and fairness of the upcoming electoral process.

Despite these endeavors, a lingering atmosphere of mistrust prevails, particularly within the opposition ranks, which remains cautious about the motives of the ruling party. The historical context and past experiences contribute to an air of skepticism, highlighting the ongoing challenge of fostering trust in the electoral machinery.

The upcoming elections carry significant stakes for Bangladesh. The efficacy of the Election Commission, the cooperation and transparency of all stakeholders, and, crucially, the faith of the people will play pivotal roles in shaping the outcome. The nation’s collective hope is anchored in the aspiration that the democratic process will prevail and that the electoral dynamics will be characterized by fairness, inclusivity, and adherence to democratic principles.

In this crucial juncture, the metaphor of the “crazy horse” of elections becomes especially pertinent. The unpredictability and dynamism inherent in the electoral process necessitate a concerted effort to ensure that the democratic spirit prevails. The taming of this metaphorical horse requires the collaboration of political parties, the impartiality of electoral institutions, and the active engagement of the citizenry.

As Bangladesh navigates the path to the upcoming elections, the nation is confronted with the challenge of fostering an environment where all voices are heard, where trust is rebuilt, and where the democratic ethos flourishes. The hopes for change are not merely about the political outcome but also about the process itself, reflecting a collective aspiration for a democratic journey that reflects the will of the people and the ideals of a vibrant and inclusive society.

Ultimately, the success of the upcoming elections hinges on the ability of Bangladesh to overcome historical challenges, build bridges of trust, and affirm its commitment to democratic governance. The nation’s journey towards the future will be shaped by the integrity of the electoral process, the resilience of its institutions, and the collective will of the people to steer the “crazy horse” of elections towards a path of democracy, progress, and positive change.


in the democratic process and the integrity of the institutions involved will play a crucial role in determining the success of the elections. The metaphorical “crazy horse” of elections, with its unpredictable and dynamic nature, underscores the challenges and excitement inherent in Bangladeshi politics.

Bangladesh’s political landscape is shaped by a rich historical context, where each election serves as a turning point, leaving a lasting impact on the nation’s trajectory. The struggles for power and the presence of diverse political parties contribute to the complexity of this dynamic tapestry.

Looking forward, the nation anticipates the upcoming elections with a mixture of hope and apprehension. The commitment to a non-partisan election-time administration reflects a desire for a fair and credible electoral process. However, the persistence of mistrust and caution among the opposition highlights the ongoing challenges in building consensus and fostering a truly inclusive democratic environment.

In the face of these challenges, the Election Commission’s role becomes paramount, as does the cooperation of all stakeholders. The success of the democratic process hinges on the collective efforts to ensure transparency, inclusivity, and the protection of democratic values. The hope is that, regardless of the outcomes, the elections will contribute to the continued evolution of Bangladesh’s political landscape, fostering a resilient and vibrant democracy.

As the nation awaits the results with anticipation, it recognizes that the “crazy horse” of elections will continue to gallop through its political landscape, leaving behind a legacy that shapes the narrative of Bangladesh’s democratic journey. The commitment to democratic principles, institutional integrity, and the active participation of the people will be the driving forces in steering this dynamic horse towards a future marked by progress, inclusivity, and democratic ideals.


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